Department of Respiratory Medicine at Rajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital specializes in Critical Care, Sleep Medicine, Tuberculosis and disorders relating to the lungs.
The department provides comprehensive consultative evaluation and management for patients with pulmonary diseases such as Tuberculosis, Asthma- Acute and chronic, Pulmonary embolism, Emphysema and chronic bronchitis, Interstitial lung diseases, Lung Cancer, Sarcoidosis, Pulmonary vascular diseases, Fungal infections of the lung, Sleep apnea, insomnia and other sleep disorders.
The department of Respiratory Medicine at Rajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital is also performing various diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in the department like Pulmonary Function tests, fiberoptic and rigid bronchoscopy, transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) and biopsy (EBB, TBLB). Thoracocentesis, ICD placement and pleural biopsy for diagnosis of pleural diseases. For various lung lesions percutaneous needle biopsies are also done. In emergencies the department is also performing emergency bronchoscopic intubations.
The Department of Respiratory Medicine also has an actively functioning RNTCP AND DOTS CENTRE which was Started in 2006 as a part of RNTCP for medical colleges to cater to the people suffering from various forms of tuberculosis. The center is under administrative control of District TB officer Bengaluru Urban District Centre. It has a designated microscopy centre (DMC) for diagnostic services and a Directly Observed Treatment Short Course (DOTS) centre for treatment of TB patients at free cost.
Various specialty clinics are run by the Department of Respiratory Medicine at Rajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital to help the patients on various days of the week. For e.g.
Monday—Asthma and Allergy
Saturday—Pulmonary Hypertension Clinic
Respiratory Medicine is an emerging super specialty dealing with spectrum respiratory diseases eg., Asthma, Bronchitis, Sleep disorder breathing, Tuberculosis and Occupations lung diseases and patients admitted to ICU with breathing disorders like respiratory failure.
Recent development of diagnostic procedures like fiber optic bronchoscope, computerized spirometry, EBUS, video assisted Thoroscopic procedures (VATS) and sleep studies (Poly Somno Graphy PSG) have made the diagnosis of respiratory diseases quick and affordable. Development of Non Invasive Ventilators have made easy to avoid invasive ventilation and its accompanying complications.
Post graduation in Respiratory Medicine has a lot of scope for students in research, patients care and diagnosis of respiratory disorders in the near future.